Cascades Reference Home

Cascades combine a sequence of reactions together in a single shorthand arrow.

For example, if a reaction occurs in many steps (or stages) it is simpler to write

then it is to write out each individual reaction:

Extending the concept, it is not necessary to use the same catalyst, e.g, the sequence of reactions

can be represented as

A variety of mass action and Michaelis Menten reaction cascades are implemented in xCellerator. To simplify data entry, a Cascade Palette is included in the default installation.

A classic example is the MAPK (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase) which can be described by following sequence of reactions:

or by the explicit use of rate constants:


Download example as Mathematica notebook.


[1 Sept. 2012]